Oxygen Supplier to Indianapolis

Oxygen (O2) is a highly oxidizing gas that is colorless and tasteless. American Welding & Gas, Inc. supplies oxygen to Indianapolis businesses.

Commercial innovations utilizing oxygen were a result of improvements in technology throughout the nineteenth century. The quest for economicial mechanical refrigeration provided a methodology to liquefy air. While nominally a dead end as far as refrigeration, air liquefaction almost immediately led to air distillation into its primary components: nitrogen, oxygen and argon. Because of the large relative differences in the condensing and boiling points of these gases, extremely high purities of each were easy to obtain. Coincidentally, quick progress in electrochemistry and the quickly developing electro-plating businesses demonstrated that sending an electric current through an aqueous salt solution generated gases at both the anode and the cathode, these gases were quickly identified as oxygen and hydrogen, respectively.

While this was going on, the Bessemer steel process proved that vast quantities of high quality steel could be derived from iron with adding oxygen-laden air. The Bessemer process became the best alternative to the Crucible process in terms of uniform steel purity, vastly expanded steel-making capacity and dramatically lower cost, especially if a source of high purity oxygen replaced air in the process.

With an adequate potential base-load provided by steel production, low-cost, high purity oxygen’s availability drove several previously proposed applications that hadn’t been commercialized due to cost. These included oxy-acetylene welding and cutting, float glass manufacture, and the application of pure oxygen as an explosive in underground coal mining. And once a viable option for packaging and transporting gas became available via cylinders, the use of oxygen for breathing and respiratory therapy grew rapidly. While oxygen as an explosive’s use was dramatically curtailed in the 1920’s, steel and glass manufacture, respiratory demand and oxy-acetylene welding and cutting are still are the most common uses of oxygen in the twenty-first century. Additional large oxygen demand processes now include water purification and paper production, where oxygen’s oxidative properties allow it to substitute for chlorine in many applications.

Environmental monitoring and semiconductor manufacturing account for the majority of of oxygen’s demand in the specialty gas world. PurityPlus Hydrocarbon-Free and Ultra High Purity Oxygen are used to create Zero and Ultra Zero Air for atmospheric and environmental monitoring base-line studies. These are additionally used as a combustion support gas in conjunction with UHP Hydrogen in Flame Ionization and Flame Photometric Detectors used in Gas Chromatography. Ultra High Purity and Research Grade Oxygen may also be used in calibration mixtures for environmental emission monitoring, industrial hygiene and safety monitors. The electronics industry also uses considerable quantities of Ultra High Purity Oxygen for laser etching of silicon substrates.

Find out how American Welding & Gas, Inc. can help supply your oxygen needs in Indianapolis today! Call us at or connect with us online here.