American Welding & Gas, Inc. asks, "Where has all of the CO2 gone?"10/26/2018Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas that is also classified as a sublimate (can evolve from a solid to a gas skipping the liquid phase) here in Indianapolis and around the world. Currently there is one of largest shortages of carbon dioxide in Europe. This is the 4th scarcity of CO2 in 10 years in Europe. Plants in Europe, across the world and here in Indianapolis cannot earn a good profit from making CO2 alone, so normally they create this gas as a byproduct of other chemicals, usually ammonia fertilizer. One of the first steps in manufacturing ammonia is taking the hydrocarbon molecule like natural gas and dividing the “hydro” from the “carbon.” The hydrogen is then converted into ammonia (NH3) and the carbon into carbon dioxide (CO2). This shortage is due to the ammonia factories that close across Europe throughout the summer season for maintenance. Combine that with increased temperatures raising the demand for beverages that require CO2, like soft drinks and beer, a shortage is created. Even though the situation with CO2 is starting to ease as plants return to their regular schedules, it will take some time before CO2 levels return to where they were before the crisis. To learn more on how you can get CO2 contact American Welding & Gas, Inc. in Indianapolis.